Your Vehicle: 2001 Ford Escort ZX2 L4-2.0L DOHC VIN 3
 
Vehicle » Instrument Panel, Gauges and Warning Indicators » Malfunction Indicator Lamp » Description and Operation  
 
 
  Description and Operation  
 

MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LAMP (MIL)

Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
  

Check Engine, Service Engine Soon Or ISO Standard Engine Symbol
  

The Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) (Figure 15) alerts the driver that the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) has detected an OBD II emission-related component or system fault. When this occurs, an OBD II Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) will be set.

  • The MIL is located on the instrument cluster and is labeled CHECK ENGINE, SERVICE ENGINE SOON or ISO standard engine symbol (Figure 16).
  • Power is supplied to the MIL whenever the ignition switch is in the RUN or START position.
  • The MIL will remain on in the RUN/START mode as a bulb check during the instrument cluster proveout for approximately 4 seconds .
  • If the MIL remains on after the bulb check:
  • The PCM illuminates the MIL for an emission related concern and a DTC will be present.
  • The instrument cluster will illuminate the MIL if the PCM does not send a control message to the instrument cluster.
  • The PCM is operating in the Hardware Limited Operation Strategy (HLOS) .
  • The MIL circuit is shorted to ground.
  • If the MIL remains off (during the bulb check):
  • Bulb is damaged.
  • MIL circuit is open.
  • To turn off the MIL after a repair, a reset command from the Scan Tool must be sent, or three consecutive drive cycles must be completed without a fault.
  • For any MIL concern, GO to Computers and Control Systems/Testing and Inspection.
  • If the MIL blinks at a steady rate, a severe misfire condition could possibly exist.
  • If the MIL blinks erratically, an intermittent open B+ to the bulb or an intermittent short to ground in the MIL circuit exist. Also, the PCM can reset while cranking if battery voltage is low.